Inventory refers to the goods and materials that a business holds for the purpose of selling or manufacturing products. The inventory is the lifeblood of many businesses, as it represents the raw materials and finished products that a company produces. A company's inventory can be divided into several different categories, each with its own unique set of characteristics. The most common types of inventory are raw materials, work in progress (WIP), and finished goods.
There are three primary types of inventory: raw materials, WIP, and finished goods. Raw materials are the unprocessed inputs that a company uses to produce its products. WIP inventory refers to the partially completed products that are in the process of being manufactured. Finished goods are completed products that are ready to be sold to customers.
The purpose of inventory is to provide businesses with a buffer against fluctuations in demand. By holding inventory, businesses can avoid the need to immediately purchase new raw materials or products every time a customer places an order. This allows businesses to keep their production lines running smoothly and avoid disruptions in the supply chain. Additionally, holding inventory can help businesses take advantage of economies of scale.
There are several benefits that businesses can enjoy by holding inventory. As mentioned above, inventory can provide a buffer against fluctuations in demand. This can help businesses avoid disruptions in the production process and keep their customers happy. Additionally, holding inventory can help businesses take advantage of economies of scale. By purchasing larger quantities of raw materials, businesses can get discounts from suppliers. These savings can then be passed on to customers in the form of lower prices.
There are also some drawbacks that businesses need to be aware of when holding inventory. First of all, inventory can tie up a significant amount of capital. This is money that could be used for other purposes, such as investing in new equipment or marketing campaigns. Additionally, inventory can be difficult to manage. If not managed properly, it can lead to stock-outs or excess inventory. Both of these situations can be costly for businesses.